Institute of Public Policy Research - The Severity of Benefits Sanctions

Monday 20 March, 2023 Written by 
Institute of Public Policy Research - The Severity of Benefits Sanctions

IPPR  (the Institute for Public Policy Research) CRITISIZES BENEFITS SANCTIONS

Postcode Lottery’ of benefit sanctions that hit one in 12 looking for work 

  • Rate of universal credit claimants whose payments are cut or cancelled has doubled since pre-pandemic for those expected to do full-time work search 
  • ‘Postcode lottery’ means northern jobcentres impose disproportionately more sanctions, IPPR research finds 
  • Think tank urges government to pause all sanctions until inflation is brought under control 

The government should stop imposing punitive benefit cuts on people claiming universal credit until the cost-of-living crisis has eased, the IPPR think tank urges today. 

It says its research shows widespread variation in how job centres apply work-search rules, and even wider variation in how often different age groups face sanctions. IPPR says these need to be fully investigated and understood before new sanctions are rolled out. 

The report comes just days after Jeremy Hunt, the chancellor, said he would expand the existing regime to include more stay-at-home parents, and apply rules more rigorously to people who do not meet strict requirements to search for work, as part of his spring Budget. 

Some 100,000 people have had their payments cut or cancelled because they are judged not to have made enough effort to find work, according to the most recent (DWP) data. This means an overall sanction rate for universal credit claimants in the full ‘searching for work’ group of 7.9 per cent, or one in 12 people -- double the pre-pandemic rate. 

Concerningly, analysis by IPPR shows that jobcentres across the country appear to operate vastly different sanction regimes. For example, 13 per cent of universal credit claimants in Knowsley, Merseyside are sanctioned, while the sanction rate is only 2.9 per cent for people in Broadland, Norfolk. 

Overall, people on universal credit in the north of England (North East, North West, Yorkshire and the Humber) are more likely to be sanctioned than those in other English regions, or in Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland. 

Men are 2.6 times more likely to be sanctioned than women, and young men are more likely to be sanctioned than other demographic groups – with one in five subject to sanctions.  

IPPR argues that people whose universal credit payments are cut are likely to face great hardship as a result, made more acute by the cost of living crisis. Given the lack of data to describe exactly who is sanctioned, the think tank is calling for:  

  • Benefit sanctions to be immediately suspended until inflation is brought under control, as they were through the Covid crisis  
  • The government to urgently seek to understand the recent surge in the sanctions rate and regional variations, and to address the risk that officials in some Jobcentres use their discretion to apply the rules more strictly than in others 
  • A ‘yellow-card’ system to be introduced, to remove a financial penalty as the first sanction and replace it with an intervention meeting 
  • The Department of Work and Pensions to develop fuller sanctions statistics to better understand why there are such wide variations, and to provide information on the sanction rate for different ethnic groups – not currently available – to assess possible issues of discrimination. 

Henry Parkes, senior economist at IPPR, said: 

“Sanction rates are climbing rapidly, and it seems your chances of being sanctioned are largely down to the temperament of your local jobcentre. We already know that sanctions can push people into destitution, so as the cost of living crisis continues it is urgent that the government pauses, rather than expands, its sanctions regime while it investigates what’s driving the rise and variation in sanction rates. 

“To press ahead instead with even tougher sanctions when the existing system is already something of a postcode lottery, and when everyone is struggling with rising living costs, would be both foolish and unfair.” 

Local authority

Universal Credit sanction rate

Bottom five

Broadland, Norfolk

2.9 per cent

Tamworth, Staffordshire

3 per cent

Ceredigion, Wales

3.3 per cent

Na h-Eileanan Siar, Outer Hebrides

3.5 per cent

City of London, London

3.6 per cent

Top five

Knowsley, Merseyside

13 per cent

Midlothian, Scotland

12.8 per cent

Basildon, Essex

12.6 per cent

East Lothian, Scotland

12.4 per cent

Wrexham, Wales

12.1 per cent

Report was created by: Henry Parkes, senior economist at IPPR, and Rachel Statham, associate director for work and welfare state.


Third Week of the sanction


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